Small Goliath Grouper on the Benwood

On July 12th I had the privilege to see a small Goliath Grouper on the wreck of the Benwood. The dive guides told us it had been hanging around near the bow of the ship so I was hoping for some good video footage.

The Goliath Grouper is one of my favorite fish. Ever since I watched them hunt using our dive lights back in 2014 I have a new appreciation of their intelligence. If you are interested in learning more about Goliath Groupers visit the links below.

Goliath Grouper Resources

 

 

Midnight Parrotfish on French Reef July 10 , 2018

I always enjoy watching the scene when a school of Midnight Parrotfish swim by. The school swoops down on a section of the reef, attacks the hell out a spot for a bit, then suddenly swim away at great speed, like they have a schedule to keep.

There does not seem to be an overabundance of online information resources about the Midnight Parrotfish. The best printed source I have found is in the book Reef Fish Behavior by Ned Deloach and Paul Humann.

Deloach and Humann tell us that Midnight Parrotfish “feed on filamentous Algae scraped from the reef base”. Although there are many natural patches on the reef, algae is also cultivated by Damselfish. What happens is a school of Midnight Parrotfish, “overwhelm the defenses of the damselfishes who have no trouble protecting their personal algae gardens from solitary herbivors, but have little chance fending off a swarm of feeding fishes.”  The books goes on to tell us that the have seen “distinct white bite marks on several egg patches on Sergent Majors egg patches. I would conclude that they eat eggs in addition to algae. I suspect that they overwhelm the Sergent Majors defending their eggs just like they do to damselfish defending their “farm”. This might explain one reason (I’m sure there are several) that Midnight Parrotfish school up and feed as shown in the video above.

Online Resources

 

Balloonfish on Molasses Reef

I always enjoy seeing a Balloonfish on the coral reef. 🙂

I’m back to quoting from the Florida Museum of Natural History website for species information. Their article about the balloon fish says,

This slow-moving fish has small fins for navigating the shallow reefs or sea grass beds it prefers. Its teeth are formed into a beak that can crush shells of the mollusks and crustaceans it hunts at night.

The article continues to say,

The body is covered in long, sharp spines that stick out when the fish inflates. The balloonfish inflates by taking water into its body when it is threatened. All members of the family Diodontidae are capable of inflation. Along with inflation, there may also be a color change due to the excitement.

I encourage visitors to go the website and read more.

Reef squid and Permit on the wreck of the City of Washington and Hanna M. Bell

On Monday, July 9th the afternoon dive was at Elbow Reef on a couple ship wreck named the City of Washington. and the Hanna M. Bell. The two best sighting of the dives include an encounter with some Caribbean Reef Squid and a close encounter with some small Permit.

City of Washington

The Florida Keys Marine Sanctuary website tells us ,

the remains of the City of Washington lie on Elbow Reef. On July 10, 1917, while being towed by a tug, the City of Washington ran aground on and was a total loss within minutes.

The article goes on to say,

The Steam Ship City of Washington (SS City Washington), launched August 31, 1877, was an iron hulled steamer for use in passenger transport and the cargo trade between New York, Cuba, and Mexico.

Caribbean Reef Squid

Squid are always a treat to see and I love the way they change color. The Encyclopedia of Life website and Wikipedia explains,

Caribbean reef squid have been shown to communicate using a variety of color, shape, and texture changes. Squid are capable of rapid changes in skin color and pattern through nervous control of chromatophores.[2] In addition to camouflage and appearing larger in the face of a threat, squids use color, patterns, and flashing to communicate with one another in various courtship rituals.

Hanna M. Bell

The second tank dive was on the wreck of the Hanna M. Bell. For years the wreck was known as Mike’s Wreck. An article from the NOAA National Marine Sanctuary site explains how the true name of the wreck was discovered,

Information gathered by sanctuary staff and volunteers from the National Association of Black Scuba Divers (NABS) during a September 2012 field survey enabled maritime archaeologists to confirm the wreck’s origins.

Permits

The encounter with the “Permit” was a treat! I spotted them early in the dive but they were too far away for good video footage.I figured I lost my chance to get some video. I was happy to seem them again later on and to be able to get close video footage.

I must admit, I’m not 100% sure these fish are Permits. The dorsal fins are sloped like the Permit in the illustration below but the tail has what seems like a wide fork like the Pompano in the illustration below. The shape of the forehead looks more like a Permit than a Pompano. If the fish were larger (Pompano don’t grow as large as permits) then identification would be easy. At this size, they could be small Permit or large Pompano. I think the key is to line check the alignment between the dorsal fin and the anal fin. I have look at the video numerous times and am not sure. What do you think?

pompano-permit

Image from https://fishbites.com/identifying-permit-vs-pompano/

Shark sightings at the Florida Keys Marine Sanctuary

In July of 2018 I was visiting Key Largo, Florida to dive at the Florida Keys Marine Sanctuary and surrounding dive sites. Shark sightings are usually one of the highlights during a dive on the coral reef. I encountered many Nurse Sharks and a few Caribbean Reef Sharks. I put together a compilation video of the better video clips I was able to take during the trip.

I was sad to see that one of the Nurse Sharks had a large fishing lure in its mouth and another had a fish hook and leader hanging out of its mouth. 😦

Resource Links

Squadron of Spotted Eagle Rays

I had many fantastic wildlife encounters during my July 2018 trip to Key Largo, Florida. One of the best was the squadron of Spotted Eagle Rays that our diving group encountered near Permit Ledge on Molasses Reef.

Previous to this I had seen groups of 3 or 4 together but this was by far the largest squadron I have ever seen.

The Florida Museum of Natural History tells us,

The spotted eagle ray is commonly observed in bays and over coral reefs as well as the occasional foray into estuarine habitats. Although it occurs in inshore waters to depths of approximately 200 feet (60 m), the spotted eagle ray spends most of its time swimming in schools in open water. In open waters, spotted eagle rays often form large schools and swim close to the surface.

The Florida Museum of Natural History website article (quoted above) about the Spotted Eagle Ray is one of the better sources of information that I have found.

I made another edit of the video where I focused and zoomed in on the last two rays in the squadron since they were a little closer to me. Notice that the last Eagle Ray is missing its tail.

2017 Reading List

2017 was a year of nostalgia and new discoveries. In January I re-read The Second Deadly Sin by Laurence Sanders, which featured his character, Edward X. Delany. I enjoyed that so much I re-read the four books in his Commandment series which features a variety of interesting main characters which Sanders is famous for creating.

In the spring I got back into Jack Higgins novels after many years of not reading anything from him. Back in the early 80’s I discovered the book, The Eagle Has Landed. It’s the story of a secret mission by German Paratroopers to parachute into England and assassinate Winston Churchill. It has remained one of my favorite novels to this day. In the early spring, one of my co-workers was reading a Jack Higgins novel from his Sean Dillon series. I purchased the first book in the series, titled The Eye of the Storm, and was hooked.

Reading List

  1. Odessa Sea – Clive Cussler
  2. The Second Deadly Sin – Laurence Sanders
  3. The Sixth Commandment – Laurence Sanders
  4. The Tenth Commandment – Laurence Sanders
  5. The Eight Commandment – Laurence Sanders
  6. The Seventh Commandment- Laurence Sanders
  7. 1984 – George Orwell
  8. The Emperor’s Revenge – Clive Cussler
  9. The Einstein Prophesy – Robert Masello
  10. The Lost Codex – Alan Jacobson
  11. Duty and Honor (Jack Ryan Jr. Series) – Grant Blackwood
  12. Deception Point – Dan Brown
  13. Eye of the Storm – Jack Higgins
  14. Thunder Point– Jack Higgins
  15. Angel of Death– Jack Higgins
  16. Drink with the Devil– Jack Higgins
  17. The President’s Daughter – Jack Higgins
  18. Dragon Teeth – Michael Crichton
  19. Midnight Runner – Jack Higgins
  20. Waterloo: The History of Four Days, Three Armies, and Three Battles – Bernard Cornwell
  21. Nighthawk – Clive Cussler
  22. Raiders Wake – James L. Nelson
  23. The Tiger: A True Story of Vengeance and Survival – John Vaillant
  24. Medicus (did not finish) – Ruth Downie
  25. Bad Company – Jack Higgins
  26. The Archers – Martin Archer
  27. Tucker – Louis L’Amour
  28. The Eagle Has Landed (re-read) – Jack Higgins
  29. Without Mercy – Jack Higgins
  30. The Archer’s Castle – Martin Archer
  31. Touch the Devil – Jack Higgins
  32. The Dogs of War  (re-read) – Fredrick Forsyth
  33. Confessional – Jack Higgins
  34. Lost City of the Monkey God – Douglas Preston
  35. The Bormann Testament – Jack Higgins
  36. The Holcroft Covenant – Robert Ludlum
  37. Shock Wave (re-read) – Clive Cussler
  38. The Odessa File (re-read) – Fredrick Forsyth
  39. Typhoon Fury (Oregon Files)– Clive Cussler
  40. Pharaoh –  Wilbur Smith
  41. Myths of the Norsemen (Puffin Classic ) – Roger Green
  42. Loch Garman – James L. Nelson